The present official name of Barangay Bawa, which is located on the southeastern part of the Municipality of Gerona. It is three and one half kilometers from the Poblacion. The popular name of Barangay Bawa, which got its present name, may be gleaned from an incident in the following story. In the early days, BAWA did not look as it is now. There were two villages separated by the creek .In this creek lived a mermaid. One village was Kitkitiw, which derived its name from a bird, which sang the name of the village every morning. Many of the early inhabitants migrated from the town of Badoc, Ilocos Norte. These people were industrious. They tilled the soil and the planted vegetables, fruit trees and cereals like corn, rice and boka Kaw. There was one plant that these people loved and they took good care of it. It was the garlic, one afternoon the Spanish soldier which some civilians came to visit the village. They wanted to see the mermaid at the creek between Cupang and Kit-kitiw. The soldier halted and shouted the soiled. The civilians were also ignorant about the name of the place. The farmers thought they were asked what they were planting and they immediately answered, Bawang. The Spanish soldier repeated “Bawa” and the farmer nodded. Since then the Bawa maintained its present popular name. In the course of time the people of Bawa became loving, peaceful, and law-abiding citizens. In 1903 the people created their tenencia, church, and school, hence the establishment of the barrio. Original families- the only settlers were the families of the Paduits, Ramilos, Estabillos, and Iglesias. There were list of Tenientes from the earliest time to date.
Bawa has no sitios within its jurisdiction. Most of the houses were built along the side s of the principal street. Its Map is oblong from north to south. From the time of its establishment as barrio, the people of Bawa have realized the value of education. Some of the elders have acquired little education during the Spanish occupation. These people were diligent enough to teach the children the reading of the Kartilla. Many of the children did not finish the “Kartilla”, because the Kartilla teachers applied corporal punishments to the children who did not know their lessons. As years went by the love for education among the constituents of Bawa became one of their credit. Bawa was a very lucky to have started a school built with cogon and bamboo. It was one teacher school, where the late Marcelo Sapin, B.S.E. graduate, Placido Porlucas, now a shop teacher in the Gerona, Elementary School, Mr. Silvestre Tadiwan, a District Supervisor of San Manuel, and Mr.Rufino Subaran, retired teacher have acquire their first education. Later the school was improved and became a complete primary, where Atty. Eufronio Subaran and Mr. Jesus Subaran, B.S.B.A.Captain Vicente Balbin, now commanding officer, 2nd PC Paniqui, Tarlac, and some more students from Bawa who are in the universities in Manila have acquired their primary education. One responsible factor for the rapid progress of Bawa before World War II was the construction of the railroads. One line connects Bawa with Paniqui Sugar Central, and the other with Bawa to the Central Azucarera, San Miguel, and Tarlac. The people of the Bawa became more interested in the planting of sugar cane. During the World War II, the people of Bawa suffered much difficulty in their education and economic condition. The children did not want to attend the Japanese schools. There was scarcity of supply of commodities for the daily needs of the people. Commodities where bought by rations. This was especially true in the supply of kerosene. Black market prices prevailed in this barrio. The morale of the people had degenerated.
Now Bawa has a total population of 1,927. The land area composed of 371.75 hectares in which around 70% had planted rice.
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